Utilization review requirements for insurers offering health benefit plan
See bold text below:
(1) All insurers offering a health benefit plan in this state that provide utilization review or have utilization review provided on their behalf shall file an annual summary with the Department of Consumer and Business Services that describes all utilization review policies, including delegated utilization review functions, and documents the insurer’s procedures for monitoring of utilization review activities.
(2) All utilization review activities conducted pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall comply with the following:
(a) In addition to the requirements of ORS 743B.602, in establishing utilization review, the insurer must use clinical review criteria that are evidence-based and continuously updated based on new evidence and research, and take into account new developments in treatment.
(b) The insurer must adjudicate claims for reimbursement in accordance with ORS 743B.450 based on the information submitted by the provider and may not require the provider to resubmit the information.
(c) The criteria and the process used in the utilization review and the method of development of the criteria must be made available for review to contracting providers.
(d) The insurer must have a website where:
(A) The following information is clearly posted:
(i) All requirements for requesting coverage of a treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review, including the specific documentation required for a request to be considered complete.
(ii) A list of the specific treatments, drugs, devices or diagnostic or laboratory tests that are subject to utilization review.
(B) A provider can make a secure electronic submission, meeting industry standards for privacy, of a request for coverage of a treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review, along with needed forms and documents, and receive an electronic acknowledgement of receipt of the request.
(e) If the insurer deems as incomplete a request made for coverage of a treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review, the insurer must inform the provider of the specific information needed for the request to be considered complete.
(f) The insurer must use a physician licensed under ORS 677.100 to 677.228 to make all final recommendations regarding coverage of a treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review and to consult as needed.
(g) The insurer must give a provider notice in writing of a denial of a request for coverage of a treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review. The notice must be written in plain language, be understandable to providers and patients, and include the specific reason for the denial based on evidence-based, peerreviewed literature. If the denial is based on terms in a policy or certificate of insurance, the denial must cite the specific language in the policy or certificate.
(h) The insurer must make available to any provider who has had a request for treatment or payment for services denied as not medically necessary or as experimental shall be provided an opportunity for a timely appeal before an appropriate medical consultant or peer review committee.
State Medical Necessity Decisions-Deadlines
(i) Except as provided in paragraph (j) of this subsection, an insurer must issue a determination on a provider’s or an enrollee’s request for coverage of a nonemergency treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review within a reasonable period of time appropriate to the medical circumstances but no later than two business days after receipt of the request, and qualified health care personnel must be available for same-day telephone responses to inquiries concerning certification of continued length of stay.
(j) If the insurer requires additional information from an enrollee or a provider to make a determination on a request for coverage of a treatment, drug, device or diagnostic or laboratory test that is subject to utilization review, no later than two business days after receipt of the request, the insurer shall notify the enrollee and the provider in writing of the additional information needed to make the determination. The insurer shall issue the determination by the later of:
(A) Two business days after receipt of a response from the provider or enrollee to the request
for additional information; or
(B) Fifteen days after the date of the request for additional information.
(k) If a change in a drug formulary or other change in coverage impacts the coverage of any enrollee’s treatment plan and the enrollee has been stabilized on the treatment plan for at least 90 days, the insurer must continue to provide coverage of the treatment until utilization review and all internal appeals and external reviews are completed.
(l) The insurer may not alter utilization review requirements, or initiate or implement new utilization review requirements, without giving a 60-day advance notice to all participating providers.
(m) In addition to the requirements of ORS 743B.420, an approved request for coverage of a treatment, other than a prescription drug, shall be binding on the insurer for a period ending on the later of the following:
(A) The reasonable duration of the treatment based on clinical standards; or
(B) Sixty days after the date that the treatment begins following approval of prior authorization.
(n) Except as provided in paragraph (o) of this subsection, an approved request for coverage of a prescription drug shall be binding on the insurer for one year from the date that the treatment begins following approval of the request if the drug:
(A) Is prescribed as a maintenance therapy that is expected to last at least 12 months based on medical or scientific evidence;
(B) Continues to be prescribed throughout the 12-month period; and
(C)(i) Is prescribed for a condition that is within the scope of use for the drug as approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration; or
(ii) Has been proven to be a safe and effective form of treatment for the enrollee’s medical condition based on clinical practice guidelines developed from peer-reviewed medical literature.
(o) Paragraph (n) of this subsection does not apply if:
(A) A therapeutic equivalent of the prescription drug or a generic alternative to the prescription drug is or becomes available as a substitute for the drug for which prior authorization is requested or was approved; or
(B) A biologic product is or becomes available that is determined by the United States Food and Drug Administration to be interchangeable with the drug for which prior authorization is requested or approved.
(p) Paragraphs (k), (m) and (n) of this subsection do not require an insurer to reimburse the cost of care for a patient who is no longer enrolled in the health benefit plan offered by the insurer.
This statute was amended in 2021 by the enactment of HB 2517 (2021).