State Law

General Statutes of Connecticut-Title 38a-Chapter 700c. Health Insurance

08/17/2020 Connecticut Section 38a-479b

Material changes to fee schedules. Return of payment by provider. Appeals. Filing of claim by provider under other applicable insurance coverage. Certain clauses, covenants and agreements prohibited. Exception

Amendments, Claims Filing Deadlines, Fee Schedules, Most Favored Nation, Overpayments / Recoupments, Participation in Products, Plans, or Networks, Termination

See bold text below:

Fee Schedules/Amendments

(a) No contracting health organization shall make material changes to a provider’s fee schedule except as follows:

(1) At one time annually, provided providers are given at least ninety days’ advance notice by mail, electronic mail or facsimile by such organization of any such changes. Upon receipt of such notice, a provider may terminate the participating provider contract with at least sixty days’ advance written notice to the contracting health organization;

(2) At any time for the following, provided providers are given at least thirty days’ advance notice by mail, electronic mail or facsimile by such organization of any such changes:

(A) To comply with requirements of federal or state law, regulation or policy. If such federal or state law, regulation or policy takes effect in less than thirty days, the organization shall give providers as much notice as possible;

(B) To comply with changes to the medical data code sets set forth in 45 CFR 162.1002, as amended from time to time;

(C) To comply with changes to national best practice protocols made by the National Quality Forum or other national accrediting or standard-setting organization based on peer-reviewed medical literature generally recognized by the relevant medical community or the results of clinical trials generally recognized and accepted by the relevant medical community;

(D) To be consistent with changes made in Medicare pertaining to billing or medical management practices, provided any such changes are applied to relevant participating provider contracts where such changes pertain to the same specialty or payment methodology;

(E) If a drug, treatment, procedure or device is identified as no longer safe and effective by the federal Food and Drug Administration or by peer-reviewed medical literature generally recognized by the relevant medical community;

(F) To address payment or reimbursement for a new drug, treatment, procedure or device that becomes available and is determined to be safe and effective by the federal Food and Drug Administration or by peer-reviewed medical literature generally recognized by the relevant medical community; or

(G) As mutually agreed to by the contracting health organization and the provider. If the contracting health organization and the provider do not mutually agree, the provider’s current fee schedule shall remain in force until the annual change permitted pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

Participation in Products, Plans, or Networks/Amendments

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, a contracting health organization may introduce a new insurance product to a provider at any time, provided such provider is given at least sixty days’ advance notice by mail, electronic mail or facsimile by such organization if the introduction of such insurance product will make material changes to the provider’s administrative requirements under the participating provider contract or to the provider’s fee schedule. The provider may decline to participate in such new product by providing notice to the contracting health organization as set forth in the advance notice, which shall include a period of not less than thirty days for a provider to decline, or in accordance with the time frames under the applicable terms of such provider’s participating provider contract.

Overpayments/Recoupments

(c) (1) No contracting health organization shall cancel, deny or demand the return of full or partial payment for an authorized covered service due to administrative or eligibility error, more than eighteen months after the date of the receipt of a clean claim, except if:

(A) Such organization has a documented basis to believe that such claim was submitted fraudulently by such provider;

(B) The provider did not bill appropriately for such claim based on the documentation or evidence of what medical service was actually provided;

(C) Such organization has paid the provider for such claim more than once;

(D) Such organization paid a claim that should have been or was paid by a federal or state program; or

(E) The provider received payment for such claim from a different insurer, payor or administrator through coordination of benefits or subrogation, or due to coverage under an automobile insurance or workers’ compensation policy. Such provider shall have one year after the date of the cancellation, denial or return of full or partial payment to resubmit an adjusted secondary payor claim with such organization on a secondary payor basis, regardless of such organization’s timely filing requirements.

(2)(A) Such organization shall give at least thirty days’ advance notice to a provider by mail, electronic mail or facsimile of the organization’s cancellation, denial or demand for the return of full or partial payment pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

(B) If such organization demands the return of full or partial payment from a provider, the notice required under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision shall disclose to the provider (i) the amount that is demanded to be returned, (ii) the claim that is the subject of such demand, and (iii) the basis on which such return is being demanded.

(C) Not later than thirty days after the receipt of the notice required under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, a provider may appeal such cancellation, denial or demand in accordance with the procedures provided by such organization. Any demand for the return of full or partial payment shall be stayed during the pendency of such appeal.

Overpayments/Recoupments; Claims Filing Deadlines

(D) If there is no appeal or an appeal is denied, such provider may resubmit an adjusted claim, if applicable, to such organization, not later than thirty days after the receipt of the notice required under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision or the denial of the appeal, whichever is applicable, except that if a return of payment was demanded pursuant to subparagraph (C) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, such claim shall not be resubmitted.

(E) A provider shall have one year after the date of the written notice set forth in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision to identify any other appropriate insurance coverage applicable on the date of service and to file a claim with such insurer, health care center or other issuing entity, regardless of such insurer’s, health care center’s or other issuing entity’s timely filing requirements.

Most Favored Nation

(d) Except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, no contracting health organization shall include in any participating provider contract or contract with a hospital licensed under chapter 368v, that is entered into, renewed or amended on or after October 1, 2011, or contract offered to a provider or hospital on or after October 1, 2011, any clause, covenant or agreement that:

(1) Requires the provider or hospital to:

(A) Disclose to the contracting health organization the provider’s or hospital’s payment or reimbursement rates from any other contracting health organization the provider or hospital has contracted, or may contract, with;

(B) Provide services or procedures to the contracting health organization at a payment or reimbursement rate equal to or lower than the lowest of such rates the provider or hospital has contracted, or may contract, with any other contracting health organization;

(C) Certify to the contracting health organization that the provider or hospital has not contracted with any other contracting health organization to provide services or procedures at a payment or reimbursement rate lower than the rates contracted for with the contracting health organization;

(2) Prohibits or limits the provider or hospital from contracting with any other contracting health organization to provide services or procedures at a payment or reimbursement rate lower than the rates contracted for with the contracting health organization; or

Most Favored Nation continued/Termination

(3) Allows the contracting health organization to terminate or renegotiate a contract with the provider or hospital prior to renewal if the provider or hospital contracts with any other contracting health organization to provide services or procedures at a lower payment or reimbursement rate than the rates contracted for with the contracting health organization.

(e)(1) If a contract described in subsection (d) of this section is in effect prior to October 1, 2011, and includes a clause, covenant or agreement set forth under subdivisions (1) to (3), inclusive, of said subsection (d), such clause, covenant or agreement shall be void and unenforceable on the date such contract is next renewed or on January 1, 2014, whichever is earlier. Such invalidity shall not affect other provisions of such contract.

(2) Nothing in subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be construed to affect the rights of a contracting health organization to enforce such clause, covenant or agreement prior to the invalidation of such clause, covenant or agreement.

See https://www.cga.ct.gov/current/pub/chap_700c.htm