Health Care Providers’ Bill of Rights
See bold text below:
(a) This section shall be known and may be cited as the Health Care Providers’ Bill of Rights.
(b) No contract issued, amended, or renewed on or after January 1, 2003, between a health insurer and a health care provider for the provision of covered benefits at alternative rates of payment to an insured shall contain any of the following terms:
(1) A provision that requires a health care provider to accept additional patients beyond the contracted number or in the absence of a number if, in the reasonable professional judgment of the provider, accepting additional patients would endanger patients’ access to, or continuity of, care.
(2) A requirement to comply with quality improvement or utilization management programs or procedures of a health insurer, unless the requirement is fully disclosed to the health care provider at least 15 business days prior to the provider executing the contract. However, the health insurer may make a change to the quality improvement or utilization management programs or procedures at any time if the change is necessary to comply with state or federal law or regulations or any accreditation requirements of a private sector accreditation organization. A change to the quality improvement or utilization management programs or procedures shall be made pursuant to subdivision (c).
(3) A provision that waives or conflicts with any provision of the Insurance Code.
(4) A requirement to permit access to patient information in violation of federal or state laws concerning the confidentiality of patient information.
Amendments (see further below for a definition of “material”)
(c) If a contract is with a health insurer that negotiates and arranges for alternative rates of payment with the provider to provide benefits to insureds, the contract may contain provisions permitting a material change to the contract by the health insurer if the health insurer provides at least 45 business days’ notice to the provider of the change, and the provider has the right to terminate the contract prior to implementation of the change.
(d) With respect to a health insurance policy covering dental services or a specialized health insurance policy covering dental services, all of the following shall apply:
(1) If a material change is made to the health insurer’s rules, guidelines, policies, or procedures concerning dental provider contracting or coverage of or payment for dental services, the insurer shall provide at least 45 business days’ written notice to the dentists contracting with the health insurer to provide services under the insurer’s individual or group health insurance policies, including specialized health insurance policies. For purposes of this paragraph, written notice shall include notice by electronic mail or facsimile transmission. This paragraph shall apply in addition to the other applicable requirements imposed under this section.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), a material change made to a health insurer’s rules, guidelines, policies, or procedures concerning dental provider contracting or coverage of or payment for dental services is a change to the system by which the insurer adjudicates and pays claims for treatment that may cause delays or disruptions in processing claims or making eligibility determinations, or a change to the general coverage or general policies of the insurer that affect rates and fees paid to providers.
(3) An insurer that automatically renews a contract with a dental provider shall annually make available to the provider, within 60 days following a request by the provider, either online, via email, or in paper form, a copy of its current contract and a summary of the changes described in subdivision (c) that have been made since the contract was issued or last renewed.
(e) Any contract provision that violates subdivision (b), (c), or (d) shall be void, unlawful, and unenforceable.
(f) The Department of Insurance shall annually compile all provider complaints that it receives under this section, and shall report to the Legislature and the Governor the number and nature of those complaints by March 15 of each calendar year.
(g) Nothing in this section shall be construed or applied as setting the rate of payment to be included in contracts between health insurers and health care providers.
(h) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) “Health care provider” means any professional person, medical group, independent practice association, organization, health facility, or other person or institution licensed or authorized by the state to deliver or furnish health care services.
(2) “Health insurer” means any admitted insurer writing health insurance, as defined in Section 106, that enters into a contract with a provider to provide covered benefits at alternative rates of payment.
(3) “Material” means a provision in a contract to which a reasonable person would attach importance in determining the action to be taken upon the provision.