State Law

The Laws Of New York-Consolidated Laws-Insurance. Article 49-Title 1. Registration of Agents and Review Process

08/16/2023 New York Section 4902

Utilization review program standards

Step Therapy Override, U.R. Criteria

See bold text below:

(a) Each utilization review agent shall adhere to utilization review program standards consistent with the provisions of this title which shall, at a minimum, include:

(1) Appointment of a medical director, who is a licensed physician; provided, however, that the utilization review agent may appoint a clinical director when the utilization review performed is for a discrete category of health care service and provided further that the clinical director is a licensed health care professional who typically manages the category of service. Responsibilities of the medical director, or, where appropriate, the clinical director, shall include, but not be limited to, the supervision and oversight of the utilization review process;

(2) Development of written policies and procedures that govern all aspects of the utilization review process and a requirement that a utilization review agent shall maintain and make available to insureds and health care providers a written description of such procedures including procedures to appeal an adverse determination together with a description, jointly promulgated by the superintendent and the commissioner of health as required pursuant to subsection (e) of section four thousand nine hundred fourteen of this article, of the external appeal process established pursuant to title two of this article and the time frames for such appeals;

(3) Utilization of written clinical review criteria developed pursuant to a utilization review plan;

(4) Establishment of a process for rendering utilization review determinations which shall, at a minimum, include: written procedures to assure that utilization reviews and determinations are conducted within the timeframes established herein; procedures to notify an insured, an insured’s designee and/or an insured’s health care provider of adverse determinations; and procedures for appeal of adverse determinations including the establishment of an expedited appeals process for denials of continued inpatient care or where there is imminent or serious threat to the health of the insured;

(5) Establishment of a written procedure to assure that the notice of an adverse determination includes:

(i) the reasons for the determination including the clinical rationale, if any;

(ii) instructions on how to initiate standard and expedited appeals pursuant to section four thousand nine hundred four of this article and an external appeal pursuant to section four thousand nine hundred fourteen of this article; and

(iii) notice of the availability, upon request of the insured or the insured’s designee, of the clinical review criteria relied upon to make such determination;

(6) Establishment of a requirement that appropriate personnel of the utilization review agent are reasonably accessible by toll-free telephone:

(i) not less than forty hours per week during normal business hours to discuss patient care and allow response to telephone requests, and to ensure that such utilization review agent has a telephone system capable of accepting, recording or providing instruction to incoming telephone calls during other than normal business hours and to ensure response to accepted or recorded messages not less than one business day after the date on which the call was received; or

(ii) notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (i) of this paragraph, not less than forty hours per week during normal business hours, to discuss patient care and allow response to telephone requests, and to ensure that, in the case of a request submitted pursuant to subsection (a) of section four thousand nine hundred three of this title or an expedited appeal filed pursuant to subsection (b) of section four thousand nine hundred four of this title, on a twenty-four hour a day, seven day a week basis;

(7) Establishment of appropriate policies and procedures to ensure that all applicable state and federal laws to protect the confidentiality of individual medical records are followed;

(8) Establishment of a requirement that emergency services rendered to an insured shall not be subject to prior authorization nor shall reimbursement for such services be denied on retrospective review; provided, however, that such services are medically necessary to stabilize or treat an emergency condition.

U.R. Criteria

(9) When conducting utilization review for purposes of determining health care coverage for substance use disorder treatment, a utilization review agent shall utilize an evidence-based and peer reviewed clinical review tool that is appropriate to the age of the patient. When conducting such utilization review for treatment provided in this state, a utilization review agent shall utilize an evidence-based and peer reviewed clinical tool designated by the office of alcoholism and substance abuse services that is consistent with the treatment service levels within the office of alcoholism and substance abuse services system. All approved tools shall have inter rater reliability testing completed by December thirty-first, two thousand sixteen.

10. When establishing a step therapy protocol, a utilization review agent shall utilize recognized evidence-based and peer reviewed clinical review criteria that also takes into account the needs of atypical patient populations and diagnoses when establishing the clinical review criteria.

U.R. Criteria and Step Therapy Override

11. When conducting utilization review for a step therapy protocol override determination, a utilization review agent shall utilize, in addition to any other requirements of this article, recognized evidence-based and peer reviewed clinical review criteria that is appropriate for the insured and the insured’s medical condition.

U.R. Criteria

(12) When conducting utilization review for purposes of determining health care coverage for a mental health condition, a utilization review agent shall utilize evidence-based and peer reviewed clinical review criteria that is appropriate to the age of the patient. The utilization review agent shall use clinical review criteria deemed appropriate and approved for such use by the commissioner of the office of mental health, in consultation with the commissioner of health and the superintendent. Approved clinical review criteria shall have inter rater reliability testing completed by December thirty-first, two thousand nineteen.

e(13) Establishment of a requirement that emergency department and inpatient hospital services rendered by a general hospital certified pursuant to article twenty-eight of the public health law to an insured to treat COVID-19 during a declared state disaster emergency related to COVID-19 shall not be denied on retrospective review on the basis that such services were not medically necessary.

* (14) The superintendent, in consultation with the commissioner of health, may, as necessary, promulgate by regulation special considerations and processes for utilization review related to medically fragile children. Such regulations may include, at a minimum, considerations and processes related to:

(i) medically necessary covered services to medically fragile children;

(ii) determinations specific to the needs of medically fragile children;

(iii) stabilization and discharge plans; and

(iv) payment for the care of medically fragile children.

* NB Effective September 1, 2023

(b) Each utilization review agent shall assure adherence to the requirements stated in subsection (a) of this section by all contractors, subcontractors, subvendors, agents and employees affiliated by contract or otherwise with such utilization review agent.

SeeĀ https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/ISC/4902