Untimely claim process
(A) Subject to division (B) of this section, a third-party payer that requires timely submission of claims for payment for health care services shall process a claim that is not submitted in a timely manner if a claim for the same services was initially submitted to a different third-party payer or state or federal program that offers health care benefits and that payer or program has determined that it is not responsible for the cost of the health care services. When a claim is submitted later than one year after the last date of service for which reimbursement is sought under the claim, the third-party payer shall pay or deny the claim not later than ninety days after receipt of the claim or, alternatively, pursuant to the requirements of sections 3901.381 to 3901.388 of the Revised Code. The third-party payer must make an election to process such claims either within the ninety-day period or under section 3901.381 of the Revised Code. If the claim is denied, the third-party payer shall notify the provider and the beneficiary. The notice shall state, with specificity, why the third-party payer denied the claim.
(B) The third-party payer may refuse to process a claim submitted by a provider if the provider submits the claim later than forty-five days after receiving notice from the different third-party payer or a state or federal program that that payer or program is not responsible for the cost of the health care services, or if the provider does not submit the notice of denial from the different third-party payer or program with the claim. The failure of a provider to submit a notice of denial in accordance with this division shall not affect the terms of a benefits contract.
(C) For purposes of this section, both of the following apply:
(1) A determination that a third-party payer or state or federal program is not responsible for the cost of health care services includes a determination regarding coordination of benefits, preexisting health conditions, ineligibility for coverage at the time services were provided, subrogation provisions, and similar findings;
(2) State and federal programs that offer health care benefits include medicare, medicaid, workers’ compensation, the civilian health and medical program of the uniformed services and other elements of the tricare program offered by the United States department of defense, and similar state or federal programs.
(D) Any provision of a contractual arrangement entered into between a third-party payer and a provider or beneficiary that is contrary to divisions (A) to (C) of this section is unenforceable.